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新概念英语第二册课文+词汇+mp3+精讲笔记+练习答案详解lesson 35

谷雨单词王2021-11-23 16:44:26

新概念英语第二册课文,新概念英语第二册词汇,新概念英语第二册mp3,新概念英语第二册精讲笔记,新概念英语第二册练习答案详解

新概念英语第二册课文

Lesson 35

Stop thief!

捉贼!

 

First listen and then answer the question.

听录音,然后回答以下问题。

How did Roystop the thieves?

 

   Roy Trenton used to drive a taxi. A short while ago, however, he became a bus driver and he has not regretted it. He is finding his new work far more exciting. When he was driving along Catford  Street recently, he saw two thieves rush out of a shop and run towards a waiting car. One of them was carrying a bag full of money. Royacted quickly and drove the bus straight at the thieves. The one with the money got such a fright that he dropped the bag. As the thieves were trying to get away in their car, Roy drove his bus into the back of it. While the battered car was moving away, Roy stopped his bus and telephoned the police. The thieves' car was badly damaged and easy to recognize. Shortly afterwards, the police stopped the car and both men were arrested.

 

New words and expressions 生词和短语

 

while n. 一段时间

regret v. 后悔

far adv. 非常

rush v.

act v. 行动

straight adv. 径直

fright n. 害怕

battered adj. 撞坏的

shortly adv. 很快,不久

afterwards adv. 以后

 

参考译文

 

    罗伊.特雷顿原是开出租汽车的,然而就在前不久,他开上了公共汽车,也并不为此而感到后悔。他发觉自己的新工作令人兴奋得多。最近,当他正开车在凯特福德街上行驶时,看到有两个小偷从一家商店里冲出来,奔向等在那里的一辆汽车,其中一个提着一只装满钞票的提包。罗伊行动迅速,开车直冲窃贼而去。拿钱的那个小偷吓得把提包都扔了。当那两个小偷企图乘车逃跑时,罗伊驾驶他的公共汽车撞在了那辆车的后尾上。当那辆被撞坏的车开走后,罗伊停下车,给警察挂了电话。小偷的车损坏严重,很容易辨认。没过多久,警察就截住了那辆车,两个小偷都被抓住了。



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新概念英语第二册名师精讲笔记


New words and expressions】生词和短语

while n 一段时间

while = some time 一小会儿

wait for a while等一会儿

隔了一会儿after a while

 

regret v 后悔 pt pp regretted

1regret sth

you will regret it你会后悔的, 你一定会后悔的

2regret to do : 很遗憾要去做

3regret doing很遗憾已经做

I regret to tell you a badnews我很遗憾要告诉你一个坏消息 (还没说)

I regret telling him thenews我真后悔告诉他这个消息

I regret to steal yourmoney

4regret that

遗憾 : pitysorryregret

pity n.  it's a pity / sorry adj.  I am sorry / regret v.

 

far adv 非常

比较级前可以加修饰词, 表示程度

多一点点用a little, 多很多用much

farmuch, 修饰形容词或副词的比较级, 注意most 是修饰形容词或副词的, 而不是比较级

 

rush v

rush(用腿) run (速度很快)

 

act v 行动

take action 采取行动

act! (口语) 行动!

 

straight adv 径直

go straight on径直往前走

 

fright n 害怕

frighten  vt.使惊吓 vi.惊恐

frightening : 令人感到可怕的 / frightened : 自己感到可怕的

frightfulterrible adj 可怕

your handwriting isfrightful你的字真糟糕 / cold is frightful寒冷是可怕的

一个动词能够加ing/ed, 证明这个动词跟人的情感有关, 他的宾语就会是人

This doesn't worry me. / Youfrighten me.

get a fright得到惊吓的感觉, 类似get a surprise

I get a fright我吓了一跳 / you give me a fright你吓了我一跳

give sb sth

give: 给人带来感觉, : give me a pleasure/an excitement/a fright

 

battered adj 撞坏的

batter n.击球手 v.打坏, 猛击

动词+ed :

battered : lose one'sshape 被撞变形的(shape v n)

damaged : 被刮坏的

destroyed car车子被损害不能修 / damaged car车子坏了, 但能修 / battered car 车变形

battered bag破旧不堪的包(“battered” 与软的东西连用时, 表示用旧了, 破旧不堪的)

 

shortly adv 很快, 不久

afterwards adv 以后

shortly afterwards不久以后=soon

shortlysoon;  afterwardslater后来, 以后

soon: 不久以后 (可直接用)

 

【课文讲解】

he used to drive a taxi,but now he doesn't drive a taxi any more

a short while agoa short time ago不久以前

however

1、可以放句首, 可以放句中

2、如果一个词两边有逗好, 证明这个词是插入语

 

you will regret it

find 可以用一般现在时态, 可以用进行时态

he is finding his tripvery exciting

far more exciting更有趣

along 沿着

a waiting car : 正在等候的车子

see sb do sth看见某人做某事(强调全过程) / see sb doing 看见某人正在做某事

I see them dance (看了全过程) / I see them dancing (只看了一部分)

hear sb doing/hear sb do

如果全过程用do, 过程中的一瞬间用doing

另外还有类似的词有 : smell, feel, hear, watch, notice

full of 装满 : I have a cup full of tea.

at: 强调瞄准概念

with 一旦出现在名词后代词后就做定语, 出现在动词之后做状语

he came in with a book.(作状语) / the boy with a book came in.(作定语)

get a fright吓了一跳

such...that.../so...that...如此...以致于

so+形容词(副词)+that.../such+(修饰词或形容词)+名词+that

一旦有名词, 就认为形容词修饰的是名词, 前面的词也修饰的是名词

drop/fall :

sb drop sth, drop vt(及物).由于不当心抓什么没抓住掉下去

fall vi(不及物) : sth fall从上往下落

drop the money / the moneyfall

The chalk is falling./ Idrop the chalk. (chalk  n.粉笔, 白垩 vt.用粉笔写, 和以白垩)

as = when: .....时候

get away run away逃跑

by car /in the car

drive into

stopped his car/the carstopped(与当时说话时的视觉概念有关, 一个是人为停, 一个是自己停下来)

damaged : 毁坏

....and easy to recognize= and the car was easy to recognize (用主动表被动含义)

用不定式放在形容词后面, 主动表被动含义

too...to.../ ...enough to....

stop拦住车子

both men two persons

stop the car

1the driver stop the car

2、其他人stopped the car : 拦车

stop thief 捉賊

, catch

 

Multiple choice questions】多项选择题

1  Roy Trenton______.

a. prefers driving a busto driving a taxi   b. prefers driving ataxi to driving a bus

c. is sorry he isn't ataxi driver            d. is glad hedidn't change his job

prefer ...to...更喜欢这个东西(和后面的东西比), 宁可也不

be sorry遗憾

prefer+名词更喜欢

I prefer tea to water

prefer+名词+to(prep.)+名词(如为动词则+ing)

I prefer drinking tea todrinking water

prefer to(不定式的标志)+动词原形 : 更喜欢

rather than : 不喜欢, 而不是 (prep) (rather)

he prefers to drive busrather than drive a taxi.

I prefer to have an applerather than have an orange.

 

3  Roy Trenton usedto drive a taxi. This means he ______ a taxi.

a. has stopped driving  b. is used to driving

c. got used to driving  d. still drives

used to(不定式的标志) 过去做现在不做

used to do过去常常做现在不做了(“to” prep)

be used to doing sth / getused to doing sth 习惯于

I am(not) used to gettingup early我习惯起早

be used to do sth被用来

the knife is used to cutthe paper刀被用来切纸

the boy is used toswimming in the river那男孩习惯在河里游泳

the boy used to swim inthe river那男孩过去在河里游泳

 

4  He noticed twothieves ______ out of a shop.

a. to come  b. are coming c. in coming d. come

answer : d

see sb. doing : 看见某人正在做某事;  see sb. do : 看见某人做某事

hear : 听见

notice sb. doing / noticesb. do ; watch sb. doing / watch sb. do

b. are coming : 没有主从一致, 应为 : was coming 就对

 

7  The car was easyto recognize, so it wasn't ______ difficult for the police to catch thethieves.

a. much  b. very c. many  d. too

answer: d

too...to...: ...以至于不能... / ...enough to...: 足以用来做某事

many 应加+名词 / much, very 一般不会与 to 连用

 

8  He hasn'tregretted it. He ______ it.

a. isn't sorry about  b. doesn't pity  c. isn't pleased with  d. doesn't laugh about

answer: a

be sorry about: 为什么感到遗憾(抱歉) / be pleasued with: 对什么感到满意 / laughat : 嘲笑

laugh about:为什么原因而笑

b. pity 不对是由于词性不对

 

11  The thief droppedthe bag. He ______.

a. let it  b. left it c. fell it  d. let it fall

answer: d

drop vt(及物) 抓什么而没抓住 : sb drop sth. / fall vi(不及物): 什么东西往下落 : Sth fall

Let sb. do : 让某人做某事

Let : 听之任之

Make: 又强迫的意思

1、  My father makes me play football.(强迫)

2、  My father lets me play football.(听之任之, 随他去)

 

重点说明 :

It's easy to recognize

the apple is sweet enoughto eat

如果一个不定式的前面是一个形容词, 如果主句的结局是系表结构+to, 不定式当中常用主动表被动, 在不定式的表达方式当中, 动词的宾语如果刚好是这句话的主语, 这个宾语一定不能出现

the apple is too sour to eat.(sour adj 酸的)

 

......to answer thequestion  这个小孩足够聪明以至于能回答这个问题, “the question” 不是主语故一定要出现

the question is easyenough to answer.

文中 “...easy to recognize(car)” car是主语, 所以不能出现

在不定式当中, 也许有可能用主动表达被动含义, 及物动词后面一般加宾语(这个宾语就是这句话的主语就不加), 又如 : the clothes are too comfortable to ware.

 

Special difficulties】难点

so/such如此

such...that.../so...that...如此以致于

so+形容词(副词)+that.../such+(a, an修饰词或形容词)+名词+that

一旦有名词, 就认为形容词修饰的是名词, 前面的词也修饰的是名词

如果名词是可数名词单数才要加aan, 反过来如果是可数名词单数, 前面一定要加aan

 

Exercise 练习  so, suchsuch a填空 :

1  He ran ______quickly that I could not catch him.

2  Whoever told you______ thing?

3  You should notmake ______ many mistakes.

4  You should not say______ things.

5  This picture is______ beautiful that I shall hang it in my room.

6  It was ______ goodbook that it was bought by a film company.

7  It was ______extraordinary exhibition that I went twice.

8  He is ______ lazyboy that he never does anything.

 

1so  2such a  3so  4such  5so  6such a  7such an  8such a

 

如果形容词是表示数量的(many, much, little, few), 一律用so

there is so little timeleft that we must hurry.

there is such a little() bird that I can't see it.(“little” 不会和可数名词连用, 如连用不会译成数量少” , 而应译为” )

he is so lazy a boy/he issuch a lazy boy.

如果有几个以上的形容词共同修饰一个名词的时候, 冠词放在第一位, 这句话中冠词不放在第一位, 说明 “a” “boy” 有关系, “lazy” 从意思上与 “boy” 有关系, 但从强调点上与 “boy” 没关系, 它的强调点在 “lazy”

such+冠词+形容词+名词/so+形容词+冠词+名词


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新概念英语第二册课后习题答案详解Lesson  35

1. a    根据课文第1-3行Roy Trenton used to drive a taxi… He is finding his new work far more exciting, 可以推测只有a. prefers driving a bus to driving a taxi 是正确的,其他3个选择都与课文内容不符。


2. d    根据课文第9-10行The thieves’ car was badly damaged and easy to recognize 可以看出,只有d. it was easy for the police to catch the thieves(警察很容易抓到小偷)是课文所暗示的结果,前3个选择都与课文事实不符。


3. a    前一句中的used to drive a taxi 含义是“过去开出租车,但现在已经不做了”,只有a. has stopped driving (已经停止开出租了)同前一句意思相符,所以选a. b. is used to driving 和c. got used to driving 都是“习惯开出租”的意思,不合乎题目意思;d. still drives(现在仍然开出租)与前一句含义相反。


4. d    本句中的谓语动词notice(注意到)后面应该跟不带to的动词不定式或V-ing ,即notice sb. do/doing sth. a. to come,  b. are coming,  c. in coming都不符合语法,只有d. come是不带to的动词不定式,符合语法,所以选d.


5. d    本句的疑问词which(哪一个)是针对名词thief 提问的,只有选d. The one 最合乎语法和逻辑。 其他3个选择都不合乎语法,意思都讲不通。


6. a    本句中的frightened 是过去分词做表语,相当于形容词,只有a. so 可以修饰形容词,最合乎语法。b. such 和c. such a 不能修饰形容词,只能用在名词前; d. a so 不合乎语法,so 前面不应该加冠词a.


7. d    本句只有选d. too(太)才合乎题目意思。 Too 常用于这种结构:It is too + adj. + for sb. to do sth. 。 若选a. much 和b. very 虽然语法讲得通,但不符合习惯用法;c. many 不能修饰形容词,所以不合乎语法。


8. a    前一句He hasn't regretted it 中的regretted 是“后悔”“惋惜”的意思。只有a. isn't sorry about 中的sorry有“遗憾,惋惜的含义,同前一句意思吻合。 b. doesn't pity 不同情,不怜悯 与前一句意思不符合。c. isn’t pleased with (不满意,不高兴),d. doesn’t laugh about(不笑话)这3个选择都与前一句意思不符。


9. b    a. excited(感到激动的)的主语应该是人,而本句是it 做形式主语,真正主语是to drive a bus, 故不应该选a;  c. excite(动词)和 d. excitedly (副词)都不能做表语;只有b. exciting(令人激动的)形容事物而不是人,最合乎题目意思,因此应该选b.


10. a    b. immediately,  c. at once, d.soon 这三个词意思相同或相近,都有快,马上的含义,都不符合题意,故都不选 . a. directly(直接地,径直地)符合题意,所以选a.


11. d    只有d. let it fall(让它掉下)同前一句中的dropped含义相同,所以选d.  a. let it (让它);b. left it(留下它,离开它);c. fell it(使它倒下)这3个选择都与dropped意思不同。


12. d    本句中的battered 是“撞坏的”意思。 a. saw it (看到它), b. rang the police(给警察打电话), c. recognized(认出它)这3个选择都不合乎逻辑,因为都不是battered(撞坏)的原因。 只有d. hit it(打,碰撞)是battered的原因,所以只能选d.




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